Fall 2008 – Volume 14, No. 2
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An Examination of the Effects of School-Based Varsity Sport Participation and Parental Involvement on Male Academic Behaviors
Simone Travis O’Bryan, Jomills Henry Braddock, II, Marvin P. Dawkins – pg. 1
Using data from the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002), we developed and empirically tested a conceptual model to assess the longitudinal impact of school-based athletic participation and parental involvement, along with other factors, on the college-bound behaviors of male high school seniors attending public schools in the U.S. The conceptual model was tested using multiple regression and path analysis. Results indicate that 10th grade varsity sport is a significant positive predictor of 12th grade college-bound behaviors, net antecedent model variables (including SES and prior achievement). Additionally, African American parents are significantly more involved with their sons than white parents are, and African American students are significantly more likely to engage in college-bound behaviors. Implications for educational policy are discussed.
School Sports and Adolescent Steriod Use: National Trends and Race-Ethnic Variations
Hua Lv, Jomills Henry Braddock, II– pg. 29
The illegal use of steroids, human growth hormone, and other performance enhancing substances by well known athletes may cause serious harm to the user. In addition, their use encourages young people to use them… Every American, not just baseball fans, ought to be shocked by that disturbing truth.” (U.S. Senator George J. Mitchell 2008)
In the United States, it has been reported that 4% to 12% of male adolescents and 0.5% to 2.9% of female adolescents have used anabolic steroids to enhance sports performance or favorably alter body size. Although medical, legal, and ethical issues related to the nonmedical use of anabolic steroids have been widely publicized, a growing number of adolescents appear to be using them for nonmedical purposes. This study examines the relationship between sports participation and steroid use among Black and White high school males using data from the Monitoring the Future Surveys: 1991-2007. Our specific aims were threefold: (1) to examine whether trends in high school male adolescent steroid usage was associated with the “steroids era” in major league baseball; (2) to compare Black-White adolescent usage patterns, and (3) to determine if participation in school sports served as a protective or risk factor for steroid use. Results indicate that adolescent male steroid use increased during the “steroids era”, White males reported higher prevalence of steroid use than Black males, and sport participation served as a protective factor, but only for Black males.
Academic Engagement Among African American Males Who Hold Aspirations for Athletic Careers in Professional Sports
Marvin P. Dawkins, Jomills Henry Braddock, II, Adrienne Celaya – pg 51
No Abstract Available
What Works? A Qualitative Examination of the Factors Related to the Academic Success of African American Males at a Predominantly White College in the South
Ray V. Robertson, Danielle Mason – pg. 67
Our study examined the factors related to the retention/academic success of African American males at a mid-sized, regional, predominantly white university in the south. The selected university has an African American male graduation rate, of approximately twenty-three percent, which is thirteen percentage points below the national Black male average. Feagin’s (1998) theory of cumulative discrimination was used to analyze in-depth interview responses from fifteen African American males who were selected using convenience sampling.