Spring 2009 – Volume 15, No. 1
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The South Rises Yet Again: Wal-Mart and the Post-Civil Rights Consumer Empowerment of Movement
Joan Weston - pg. 1
Absent from critiques of Walmart is an analysis of the meanings that consumers with a long history of social and political disenfranchisement at the local level attach to this global retail giant. For black Southerners, Walmart carries meanings extending far beyond the price of goods and services, the convenience of one-stop shopping, and the opportunity for employment. Walmart’s charitable contributions to and partnerships with African American organizations and institutions that raise the global profile of African American culture makes the global retailer a more attractive alternative than local business establishments with a history of limited support for African American community-based initiatives.
Evaluation of a School System’s Plan to Utilize Teachers’ Perceptions of Principal Leadership to Improve Student Achievement
Ed Williams – pg. 15
This study examines fourth grade student achievement in relation to teacher perceptions of principal leadership and other selected variables in a large urban school district in Georgia. Student achievement was measured by performance on the Georgia Criterion-Referenced Competency Tests (CRCT) during the 2004-05 and 2005-06 school years. The leadership instrument measures six competencies: (I) Instructional Leadership, (II) Interpersonal Skills, (III) Decision-making Skills, (IV) Facilities Planning Skills and Student Behavior Expectations, (V) Evaluation, and (VI) School Climate. The sample consisted of 3,900 teachers from 81 schools in the district. Demographic variables for each school included enrollment, free/reduced lunch eligibility, discipline incidents, retained students, absenteeism, teacher experience, administrator experience, principal gender, and principal tenure.
Dual Deviants: The Balancing Act of Black Graduate Students
Addrain Conyers – pg 33
Abstract The study of deviant behavior was designed to focus on departure from a group’s normative expectations; however, the primary focus of deviance research has been the departure from the dominant group’s norms. What happens when one is stigmatized by the dominant group and their minority group? Making use of interview data, this study investigates the life of black graduate students as they manage two spoiled identities, one in the academic world and the other in the black community. There were three major strategies used to manage their identities: (1) passing and covering via language manipulation; (2) fronting via professionalism and realism; and (3) own and wise via a black niche and mentorship.
Racial Differences in Somatic Symptoms of Depression
George W. Williams, IV – pg. 55
Though causality has not been established, the comorbidity of pain and depression is prevalent (Edwards et al. 2001; Green et al. 2003; McCracken 2001; Tan et al. 2005). In clinical and community investigations black populations have been found to have more intense experiences of somatic pain and higher rates pain and depression comorbidity (Dunlop et al. 2003; Johnson-Umezulike 1999). This study explores the potential benefit of using somatic symptoms as suitable indicators in screening for depression in black patients. Through a three-model hierarchal linear regression model of data from the 2006 National Health Interview Survey, the research attempts to support the hypothesis that somatic symptoms can be used by primary care physicians to overcome challenges that result from cultural differences in discussions of depression. For black and non-black participants, somatic symptoms are better predictors of self-reported depressive symptoms than socio-demographic factors. Only joint pain/aching/stiffness and pain in the jaw/front of ear reported by black participants increased those respondents’ likelihood of scoring higher on a 24-point self-reported depressive symptoms index.