Biography: Hugh Morris Gloster '31
Hugh Morris Gloster, President Emeritus of Morehouse College since 1987, had a successful and productive career as administrator, teacher, writer, speaker, USO wartime executive, and American representative in educational programs in foreign countries.
Dr. Gloster's career was characterized by persistent and consistent recognition. In 1986, he was selected by his peers as one of the 100 most effective college presidents in the United States.
More recently, two institutions honored Dr. Gloster in recognition of his "lifetime accomplishments." In March 2001, he received the Distinguished Alumni Award from the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences of New York University, where he received his Ph.D. degree. In May 2001, Dr. Gloster received the MAGIC HANDS Award from LeMoyne-Owen College, where he had pursued junior college studies.
Dr. Gloster was born May 11, 1911 in Brownsville, Tennessee to John and Dora Gloster.
A member of Phi Beta Kappa, Dr. Gloster held high school and junior college diplomas from LeMoyne College, the B.A. degree from Morehouse College, the M.A. degree from Atlanta University, and the Ph.D. degree from New York University.
He held honorary doctorates from Emory University, Hampton University, LeMoyne-Owen College, Mercer University, Morehouse College, the Morehouse School of Medicine, Morgan State University, New York University, St. Paul's College, the University of Haiti, Washington University, and Wayne State University.
Prior to assuming the presidency of Morehouse College in 1967, Dr. Gloster held teaching positions at LeMoyne and Morehouse Colleges, as well as administrative positions with the USO and Hampton Institute. At Hampton Institute, Dr. Gloster raised $21 million to support academic programs. During World War II, he was USO Program Director at Fort Huachuca and USO Associate Regional Executive in Atlanta.
Following World War II, he served successively as Chairman of the Communications Center (Division of Language and Literature), Director of the Summer Session, and Dean of Faculty at Hampton Institute, where he was awarded the Centennial Medallion in 1968. He has twice served at New York University as a Visiting Professor of American Literature - first at Washington Square College and later in the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.
A prolific writer, Dr. Gloster authored many articles and delivered numerous lectures on American literature and education. He authored Negro Voices in American Fiction (in print since 1948), and was the co-author of The Brown Thrush and My Life - My Country - My World, which was a best-selling textbook.
Dr. Gloster had wide experiences in overseas educational programs sponsored by the U.S. Department of State. From 1953 to 1955, he was Fulbright Professor of English at Hiroshima University in Japan. In 1961-1962, he served as Visiting Professor of English in the International Educational Exchange Program at the University of Warsaw in Poland. In both of these positions. Dr. Gloster was the first American to serve under U.S. government auspices following World War II.
Dr. Gloster participated as a Professor of English in the American Specialists Program at universities in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; Cracow, Poland; and Valencia, Spain. As Dean of Faculty at Hampton Institute, he supervised the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) program in Sierra Leone as well as foreign Studies programs in Europe and the Middle East.
Dr. Gloster furthered his commitment to international education in numerous and diverse venues. He participated in an Asian Conference on Higher Education in Hong Kong as a grantee or The Ford Foundation. He traveled to Europe under the auspices of the Institute of European Studies to examine educational programs for American students. The U.S. Department of State sought him out for work in Africa to recruit African educators to reach in American colleges. Under the sponsorship of the government of Japan, he developed exchanges of faculty and students between Japanese and American colleges and universities.
Under the auspices of the National Association for Equal Opportunity in Higher Education (NAFEO), Dr. Gloster participated with other Black college presidents in visits to Haiti, Puerto Rico, India, Taiwan, Kenya, Morocco and Mexico to develop and facilitate exchange programs for faculty and students. Dr. Gloster recommended the name for NAFEO, which was unanimously approved.
Dr. Gloster served as a member of several presidential commissions appointed by U.S. government agencies to further international education and relations. In 1984, he represented the U.S. Department of Education in travel to the Peoples Republic of China to develop exchange programs between China and the United States. In 1986, he was a delegate to the Republic of South Africa, under the sponsorship of USAID, to recommend steps that public and private organizations could take to upgrade education for Blacks in that country. In 1988, Dr. Gloster served as a member of a USAID-NAFEO team to recommend ways to develop closer cooperation between colleges and universities in those countries and historically Black colleges and universities in the United States.
The primary accomplishments of the Gloster administration at Morehouse College - that resulted from a team effort by trustees administrators, faculty, students, alumni, and friends - are as follows:
- Development and establishment of the Morehouse School of Medicine, which became an independent institution in 1981 and graduated its first class to receive M.D. degrees in 1985.
- Establishment of eight new majors in the Department of Business: Accounting, Banking and Finance, Business Administration, Computer Science, Insurance, Management, Marketing and Real Estate.
- Establishment in 1968 of a Dual-Degree Engineering Program with the Georgia Institute of Technology and Boston University This Program is now administered by the Atlanta University Center and enrolls more than 300 Morehouse College students as majors annually.
- Establishment of a major in International Studies, supported by programs in African Studies and Caribbean Studies.
- More than doubling the size and salaries of the faculty increasing the percentage of faculty Ph.D.s to more than 65 percent, and establishment of seven endowed academic chairs.
- Establishment of fourteen new administrative offices that enabled the College to operate more efficiently and effectively.
- More than doubling student enrollment and improving student quality by upgrading the curriculum and instruction and establishing higher standards for admission. Morehouse now has four applicants for every place in the Freshman Class and attracts students from throughout the United States and around the world.
- Successful completion of capital campaigns for $20 million in the middle 1970s and in the middle 1980s.
- Quadrupling the endowment of Morehouse College to S29 million.
- Acquisition of thirty acres of adjacent urban land, valued at $2 million and including all of two blocks of Westview Drive - one on which the Martin Luther King Jr. International Chapel is located and the other on which the B. T. Harvey Stadium is situated.
- Completed construction of twelve new facilities valued at $30 million, including an auditorium with a $360,000 pipe organ, an administration building, three classroom buildings, a dining hall, student center, four dormitories, and a stadium accommodating 9,000 people and an Olympic track.
- Secured funding to construct a new biology-chemistry building and began to raise funds to build a new humanities building, both to relieve problems of overcrowding in existing facilities.
- Acquisition of a classroom building, an apartment complex, and the president's home.
- Operation without a deficit during the 1970s and 1980s.
Dr. Gloster was a member of the Boards of Trustees or Directors of the College Language Association, the Martin Luther King, Jr. Center for Social Change, Morehouse College, the Morehouse School of Medicine, the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, and the United Negro College Fund. He was also a former Vice President and President of the Association of Private Colleges and Universities in Georgia, and former Vice Chairman of the Georgia Post-Secondary Education Commission.
Dr. Gloster was a former member of the Boards of Trustees or Directors of the American Association for Higher Education. Atlanta University, the College Entrance Examination Board, the Committee on Economic Development, the Educational Testing Service (Chairman of the Executive Committee), the Interdenominational Theological Center, the National Association for Equal Opportunity in Higher Education, the United Board for College Development, the Westminster Schools, and Trinity School. He was the founder and former president of the College Language Association, which granted him its Distinguished Achievement Award.
Dr. Gloster is survived by his devoted wife, attorney Yvonne King Gloster, and by his three children - Mrs. Alice Burnette of Palm Coast, Florida, Mrs. Evelyn Dawkins (Harvey) of Hampton, Virginia, and Hugh M. Gloster, Jr., M.D. (Angelique) of Cincinnati, Ohio.
Dr. Gloster had 11 grandchildren - Mrs. Tracey Blakes (Edwin) of San Antonio, Texas; Mr. Jefferson Green (Vikki) of Smyrna, Georgia; Mr. Michael Green (Cawanda) of Ellenwood, Georgia; Mr. Alan Dawkins of Newport News, Virginia; Miss Yvonne Gurley of Atlanta, Georgia; Mr. Christopher King and Mr. Justin King of Cedar Knoll, New Jersey; Miss Genevieve King of Cagnes-sur-Mer, France; and Miss Erin Gloster, Miss Paige Gloster and Miss Sydney Gloster, all of Cincinnati, Ohio.
Dr. Gloster had four great-grandchildren - Miss Lauren Blakes of San Antonio, Texas; Miss Mara Green and Master Mason Green, both of Ellenwood, Georgia; and Master Julian Green of Smyrna, Georgia.
Dr. Gloster had four stepchildren - Mr. Carl V. King (Donna) of Cedar Knoll. New Jersey; Mr. Price King (Jeanne) of Cagnes-sur-Mer, France; Ms. Janette King of Atlanta; Georgia; and Ms. Carole King of Oakland, California.